Shabbetai Tzevi

(1626-76)
   Turkish scholar and pseudo-messiah. He was born in Smyrna. He devoted himself to talmudic and kabbalistic studies. In 1665 he met Nathan of Gaza, who recognized him as the Messiah and became his prophet; in December of that year Shabbetai proclaimed himself the Messiah in the synagogue at Smyrna. The Jewish world was seized with enthusiasm. He went to Constantinople in 1666 to claim his kingdom from the sultan, but he was arrested and imprisoned at Abydos, which his followers regarded as the Migdal Oz (Tower of Strength) of the kabbalah. Eventually Shabbetai was summoned to appear before the sultan and adopted Islam to save his life. His apostasy caused great dismay, but a number of his followers (Shabbetaians) believed that his conversion was part of the divine plan.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • Shabbetai Tzevi — born July 23, 1626, Smyrna, Ottoman Tur. died 1676, Dulcingo, Alb. False Jewish messiah. He studied the mystical learning of the Kabbala and at age 22 proclaimed himself the messiah. He traveled around the Levant, gaining both followers and… …   Universalium

  • Shabbetai Tzevi — (23 jul. 1626, Esmirna, Turquía otomana–1676, Dulcingo, Albania). Falso Mesías judío. Estudió las enseñanzas místicas de la Cábala y a la edad de 22 años se autoproclamó mesías. Durante sus viajes por el Levante, se hizo de seguidores y enemigos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shabbetai Tzevi — Shabbetaj Zvi Shabbetaj Zvi, auch Sabbatai Zewi (* 1626 in Smyrna; † 16. September 1676 in Ulcinj) war ein Religionsgelehrter und selbsterklärter Messias aus Smyrna (heutiges Izmir). Er wurde am Tischa beAv 5386 jüdische Jahreszählung (1626… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SHABBETAI ẒEVI — (1626–1676), the central figure of Shabbateanism, the messianic movement named after him. Background of the Movement Shabbateanism was the largest and most momentous messianic movement in Jewish history subsequent to the destruction of the Temple …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ashkenazi, Tzevi (Hakham Tzevi) — (1660 1718)    Moravian talmudist. He travelled widely and became head of the rabbinic academy in Altona, then in 1710 he settled in Amsterdam, where he was head of the Ashkenazim. After a controversy concerning Nehemiah Hayyon, a follower of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… …   Universalium

  • Dönme — or Dönmeh Jewish Islamic sect founded in Salonika (now Thessaloniki, Greece) in the late 17th century. Its members were followers of Shabbetai Tzevi, whom they believed to be the messiah. Arrested by Ottoman authorities in 1666, he chose… …   Universalium

  • Nathan of Gaza (Ghazzati, Nathan Benjamin) — (1643 80)    Palestinian religious leader, disciple of Shabbetai Tzevi. He was born in Jerusalem, and lived in Gaza, where he engaged in kabbalistic study and practices. He met Shabbetai Tzevi in Gaza and proclaimed him to be the Messiah. After… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Frank, Jacob — orig. Jacob Leibowicz born 1726, Berezanka or Korolowka, Galicia, Pol. died Dec. 10, 1791, Offenbach, Hessen Jewish false messiah. He was an uneducated visionary who claimed to be the reincarnation of Shabbetai Tzevi. He proclaimed himself… …   Universalium

  • Eybeschütz, Jonathan — born с 1690, Kraków, Pol. died 1764, Altona, Den. Polish rabbi and Talmudic scholar. He served as rabbi in a number of European towns, and his scholarship gained him a loyal following. He was reputed to have mystic powers; when the women of his… …   Universalium

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